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International Register

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The Orwell Papers
The Orwell Papers - Post view
Region / Country - Europe • North America > United Kingdom
Owner University College London
Year of Registration 2017 Custodian University College London
The nominated collection is the personal archive of George Orwell (born Eric Blair, 1903-1950), political thinker, essayist, novelist, journalist and broadcaster, regarded around the world as one of the most eminent literary and political figures of the 20th century.  The famous British author of Animal Farm, an allegory of contemporary times, and Nineteen Eighty-Four, a fictional account of the dangerous potential of totalitarianism, is largely regarded today as a major cultural icon.  Orwell kept very few personal papers and even fewer manuscripts of his writings, and what does remain, comprising manuscript notebooks, diaries, letters and other personal papers, including photographs, occupy only 3 linear metres in UCL’s high security storage in  Bloomsbury, central London. They were deposited on permanent loan in the Library by his widow, Sonia Orwell in 1960, so that a study centre could be established focussing on Orwell’s life and work for all to use, and the papers could be safe-guarded for posterity.  His writings featured in the collection include the first jottings of some of the most well-known words and phrases from the Orwell canon, such as “Two Minutes Hate”, “Newspeak”, and the slogan “War is Peace. Ignorance is strength. Freedom is slavery”